Lecture Series

 |  | 6.30 pm | Studio X, Kitab Mahal, Fort, Mumbai

Brutalism is a style of architecture which was part of the International Style of Architecture that demanded a different approach towards architectural design. The term New Brutalism was first applied in 1953 by the British architects, Peter Smithson and Alison Smithson. These two architects along with Eduardo Paolozzi, Nigel Henderson, Richard Hamilton and James Sterling among others, formed the Independent Group, and in the same year, organized the exhibition ‘Parallel to Life and Art’ held at the Institute of Contemporary Arts (ICA) in London. New Brutalism has come to acquire strong political associations in Sau Paulo and elsewhere, with many architectural projects being conceived in this aesthetic. In some instances, its sublime qualities extend from churches to a flower-shop.

The lecture will consider the ideas of New Brutalism in the context of the Group and the ICA, and the limitations of this conception. Expanding on the origin of the term (Jean Dubuffet), and its relation to certain continental preoccupations with age-old aesthetic qualities, the speaker will connect to other movements such as Outsider Art or Art Brut. This presentation will also seek to connect the recent search for a rhetoric of materiality and temporality with age-old preoccupations in art and architecture, and the debates which brought about the demise of some key buildings, conceived and executed by Brutalists. References will also be made to the Metabolists, which was a group formed by young Japanese architects and city planners in the late 1950s, and as much pioneers as Le Corbusier. In a certain sense, this presentation is conceived as a contribution to the ongoing debate on the subject, and will also discuss such architecture in England and India.

Admission free and open to all | In collaboration with StudioX, Mumbai

 |  | 6.30 pm | Auditorium Annex, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, Mumbai

This panel discussion is an exploration of how the politics of hope play out in differing fields--from the aspirations of India's poorest inhabitants, to the offices of urban planners and business people--to understand how we aim to achieve progress, creating an ethos of trust and joint risk-taking. How do all sections of society find access to growth, justice, and a part in the development story? The way that events are perceived and experienced, in a world with ever more information and connectivity, shapes outcomes in profound ways. What new forms of cosmopolitanism and relationships have emerged, and how does this define our society? How can we understand globalisation in relation to phenomena such as violence, commodification, nationalism, terror and materiality?

Panelists: Arjun Appadurai, Shaina Anand, Ajit Balakrishnan, Mick Gordon, Zarina Mehta, Sheela Patel and Teesta Setalvad.

This program is organized in collaboration with the Asia Society India Center, Mumbai.

 |  | 6.30pm | NGMA Auditorium, Mumbai

The discussion will focus on how regional identity has shaped the formation and efficacy of federalism in India, and the extent to which this system of governance has been a success. Ashutosh Varshney will investigate this theme drawing on comparisons with Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Indonesia, and will reflect on how these countries' governance structures map against respective cultures and identities to reveal ground realities in a new light. He will be joined in a discussion with Pramit Pal Chaudhuri to explore how these elements stand to shape the future of Asia.